Things to do
Visit Prague-The city of Prague is not just about the historic buildings, narrow winding streets, and monuments; it's also about Prague's foremost literary son, the legendary, Franz Kafka, inarguably the most acclaimed and influential writers of the twentieth century. The former Jewish Ghetto in Prague has a long history, going back to the 12th century. There is the oldest still existing synagogue in Europe - the Old-New Synagogue - and the Old Jewish Cemetery from the 15th century. Saunter along the medieval bridge at the heart of the Czech capital, the Charles Bridge and gather beneath the Old Town Hall Tower to watch the medieval world wonder - the Old Town Astronomical Clock.
Explore Budapest-Old-world charm and fascinating architecture make Hungary's Budapest the perfect gateway to Eastern Europe. Begin at the first bridge that connected Buda and Pest over the Danube, the Chain Bridge. Past the iconic Margaret Bridge and St. Mathias Church, Fishermen's Bastion is the ideal backdrop for stunning views all around. With clearly no connection to either fishermen or strong fortresses, Fishermen's Bastion is a pleasant fairytale-like castle built on Buda Castle's walls that date back to the 17th century.
Zadar-The City of Split-Being a coastal Mediterranean city, the city of Split is a great amalgamation of traditional culture and modern influences. There are some fantastic sights in the city, both Roman and more modern, excellent options for dining, drinking and nightlife, and plenty of beach opportunities. Overlooking the Split harbour, the 1700 years old palace is one of the most important architectural heritages of the Roman Empire. The Temple of Jupiter was built from 295 to 305 as part of the palace to honour the cult of Jupiter.
Best time to visit May to October
The high season for travelling to this part of Europe is May through October. This is the best time to tour this region and admire its masterpieces. It's cheapest to travel in November, March and late August and most expensive during summers. Winters are brutally cold, but this is when you'll get a true glimpse into the experience.
However, during summers main tourist routes and attractions are rather crowded and sometimes even impossible to access. Advanced booking and planning is highly recommended. Apart from this, the best time to visit these countries is in inter-seasons like late spring and early fall. If you can afford to visit, June-August is the appropriate time to see the city and its cultural attractions in full bloom. November-March means few crowds, except during the Christmas and New Year's celebrations.
Poland, Croatia and Romania experience a temperate climate with warm summers and cold winters and distinct seasons with spring and autumn often pleasant. The shoulder tourist seasons of March, April and October are a wonderful time to visit these region with the colours of spring and autumn decorating the landscapes. The days are sunny though cool and temperatures will vary between the mountains and the lower-lying cities. Poland is a popular destination for mountaineering and skiing. The best snow conditions are between January and late April.
How to reach
Pleso Airport is the main international airport of Croatia and is situated 12 km from the city centre of Zagreb.
. If you fly from eastern side to Croatia you will be landing on one of these five airports: Pleso airport, Zadar airport, Pula airport, Split airport or Dubrovnik airport.
Remember, Eastern Europe doesn't have the numerous low-cost carriers in US and Western Europe, you'll probably be surprised by the limited numbers of affordable flights it has. It's cheapest to travel to this part of Europe is in November, March and late August and most expensive during summers.
Sheremetyevo International Airport, in Moscow is the hub for passenger operations of the Russian international airlines.
When flying to Romania, you have quite a few airports to choose between, currently there are 12 international airports which have commercial traffic. Henri Coand? Airport is Romania's busiest international airport.
One of three airports serving in Poland: Warsaw Chopin Airport and John Paul II International Airport Krakow-Balice are the international airport located near Krakow, are the main international airport.
Selected companies run long-haul buses between Eastern European countries. They are almost as expensive as the low-cost airlines.
The Eurorail passes are a great way to save money if you plan to travel by train in Eastern Europe. Intercity trains and local trains are the best for hassle-free trips. You can also check out the national railways websites to find out the timetables and the prices.
Renting a car is another option if you have a driver's license. Traffic in some downtowns can be hectic at times.
Hitchhiking may not exactly the safest way to travel in Eastern Europe especially if you are a tourist and don't speak their language.