Things to do
Tour to the city of Istanbul - Sightseeing tour begins with a visit to Byzantine Hippodrome and Hagia Sophia Museum (St. Sophia); the grand church-turned-mosque-turned-museum is one of the greatest surviving examples of Byzantine architecture, rich with mosaics and marble pillars and coverings.Catch the glimpse of the formidable, centuries-old City Walls, which kept invaders at bay for centuries. A Bosphorus cruise provides the best way to see Istanbul's epic architecture along the European and Asian shores of the Bosphorus Strait.
Wonderful Lunar Landscape of Cappadocia - The region is dotted with an incredible system of underground cities and cave houses dating back to 1800 BC.One of the most spectacular valleys of Cappadocia, the awe-inspiring red valley is filled with different kind of rock formations in variety colours; a beautiful place to go walking. Explore the famous rock-cut churches and hiking for 5km through the valley. Cappadocia is the city of caves.
Ephesus - Best Preserved Ancient city of the world - Immerse yourself in history today with a guided tour of the ancient city of Ephesus, one of the best preserved ancient cities of the world. The city of Ephesus is virtually dotted with historical spots, which you must see during your visit. Apart from the ruins there are fountains, libraries, and pools all over the city. In the marshy basin between Selcuk and Ephesus are the pitiful remains of one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World, the Temple of Artemis.
Best time to visit Throughout the year
Summer - May to September - This is a tricky time to be in Turkey even though it is the most preferred time. High rates and temperatures go hand in hand. June to August can get pretty crowded. The shoulder months of May and September sees fewer tourists and moderate prices. Good time for both the beaches and the mountains.
Autumn - October to November - The autumn starts early in the mountains and gradually takes over the lower altitude regions. Late October and early November sees the peak of autumn in Turkey. Cappadocia is lovely during this time.
Winter - December to March - The high season of the ski resorts arrive with the onset of snow. It remains so till about the middle of March. The best place to be during these months are either near the warm beaches to the south or the snow laden areas of Northeast Anatolia and around Lake Van.
Spring - April - Great time to be outdoors and explore the cities, the museums and the countryside.
How to reach
Turkish Airlines and a number of other competent air carriers have flights among all major cities. There are many cheap airlines flying between cities, and if you are flying to a smaller city, it is more likely you will be connecting it from Istanbul.
Seaplanes are available if you are travelling between Bursa to Istanbul. There is a small seaplane service that takes passengers from the Golden Horn and over the old part of Istanbul.
Travelling by train in Turkey is a joy, offering many options including high speed trains and overnight trains with comfortable sleepers. For a scenic ride, there is a long train journey all the way from Ankara to Tehran that takes almost three days!
Public transportation in Turkey is pretty cheap and diverse. Buses, minibuses, sea buses, ferries, metros, trams, trains and taxis are at your disposal to travel within the city, and beyond. Turkish buses are very modern and comfortable and cheap too.Although it's possible to take an overnight bus between all regions, by far the most convenient option for exploring its towns and villages is to rent a car. All of the major international car rental companies, as well as a number of local ones, have offices at airports and all major centres. Road signs are posted in both Turkish and English and the roads are in good condition.